New research from one University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Education researcher claims that, without sufficient COVID-19 testing capacity, it is possible that people can experience increased mental distress due to fear and concerns over their COVID-19 status.
According to study lead author Yusen Zhai, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Human Studies and director of the UAB Community Counseling Clinic, COVID-19 testing is an effective yet underutilized way to manage the transmission of COVID-19.
“In March 2022, the Biden administration launched a nationwide Test to Treat Initiative, which aimed to allow Americans to rapidly access needed COVID-19 treatments,” Zhai said. “In principle, the sooner people can get COVID-19 tests when they suspect having exposure or infection, the sooner they can seek COVID-19 treatments—like oral antiviral pills—if tested positive.”
Zhai adds that, despite the federal government’s efforts to expand the COVID-19 testing capacity, Americans still experience difficulties accessing COVID-19 tests throughout the pandemic.
“Free at-home COVID-19 home-testing kits (delivered by the federal government) run out quickly and never meet the ongoing need for testing among millions of Americans,” Zhai said. “The federal free COVID-19 test program has been suspended due to a lack of funding. In other words, the U.S. federal government has no longer sustained COVID-19 testing capacity without sufficient funding from Congress.”
Fear and uncertainty fueled by COVID-19 among the public and health care workers have worsened mental health outcomes, overwhelming and exhausting the health care system, according to Zhai.
“People who suspect having COVID-19 exposure or infection may have excessive worries and fear of COVID-19 infections, which leads to mental distress such as depression, anxiety and suicide,” he said. “Therefore, it is critical to empirically assess the role of the use of COVID-19 tests in mental health among Americans.”
The study, published in BJPsych Open, examined the associations between COVID-19 testing uptake (i.e., the use of COVID-19 tests) and certain mental disorders.
“Overall, we found that adults who accessed COVID-19 tests—even tested positive—were at significantly lower risk than those with unconfirmed (without testing) COVID-19 for severe depression, severe anxiety, eating disorders and suicidal ideation,” Zhai said. “The findings suggest that individuals who suspected they had COVID-19 but lacked confirmatory testing were more susceptible to exacerbated mental health problems, likely due to worries and fear of infection.”
Yusen Zhai et al, Association between COVID-19 testing uptake and mental disorders among adults in US post-secondary education, 2020–2021, BJPsych Open (2022). DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2022.580
University of Alabama at Birmingham
New study finds association between COVID-19 testing uptake and mental disorders (2022, December 15)
retrieved 15 December 2022
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