OpenAI logo on the website displayed on a phone screen and ChatGPT on AppStore displayed on a phone screen are seen in this illustration photo taken in Krakow, Poland on June 8, 2023.
Jakub Porzycki | Nurphoto | Getty Images
Paul Tremblay, the author of “The Cabin at the End of the World,” and Mona Awad, the author of “Bunny” and “13 Ways of Looking at a Fat Girl,” claim that ChatGPT generates “very accurate summaries” of their works, according to the complaint. They allege the summaries are “only possible” if ChatGPT was trained on their books, which would be a violation of copyright law.
OpenAI did not immediately respond to CNBC’s request for comment. Lawyers for Tremblay and Awad did not immediately respond.
ChatGPT automatically generates text based on written prompts in a fashion that’s much more advanced and creative than the chatbots of Silicon Valley’s past. The technology was developed by San Francisco-based OpenAI, a research company led by Sam Altman and backed by Microsoft.
The chatbot is trained on an enormous amount of text data. OpenAI doesn’t reveal what precise data was used for training ChatGPT, but the company says it generally crawled the web, including the use of archived books and Wikipedia.
The lawsuit, which was filed with a San Francisco federal court, alleges that “much” of the material in OpenAI’s training data is based on copyrighted materials, including books by Tremblay and Awad. But proving exactly how and where ChatGPT gleaned this information, as well as whether the authors have suffered financial damages, could be a challenge.
The complaint references exhibits of the summaries that ChatGPT generated, and it notes that the chatbot gets some things wrong. Awad and Tremblay claim that the rest of the summaries are accurate, however, which means “ChatGPT retains knowledge of particular works in the training dataset.”
“At no point did ChatGPT reproduce any of the copyright management information Plaintiffs included with their published works,” the complaint states.